Research design:

• Online survey to measure journalist frames

• Content analysis to measure news frames


• Holistic approach to measure generic frames

• Modular approach to measure issue-specific frames (causes, problems, and solutions)


• Climate journalists: Authors of articles on climate change at leading news outlets (elite, regional, and popular press, online) in CH, DE, GB, IN, US (N = 64)

• Their print and online articles published in 2011 and 2012 (N = 750).

Data analysis:

• First- and second-order principal component analyses to identify issue-specific frames

• Bivariate correlations and (hierarchical) multiple linear regression analysis to identify relations between journalist frames and news frames.

Empirical Model
Empirical Model
Generic Frames
Generic Frames
Issue-specific journalist frames
Issue-specific journalist frames


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